700+ Most Important Assam History MCQ With Answer – Set 1

Assam is a historically prominent place with around 1600 years old history. In various past events and times, the rise and fall of different ethnic groups, we have reached the present situation. Here we have covered 700+ Most Important Assam History MCQ with explained Answer. This series helps you to gather knowledge about the glorious history of Assam and various past Events.

A Short Overview of Assam History MCQ:

History is simply defined as the study of past events and times from written, visual, and spoken sources with analysis and interpretation. The primary purposes of history are to study durability and change over time.

The word Assam has its origin in the Sanskrit word Asom meaning Unparalleled or peerless. In the Mythological text, this lead is described as Pragjyotishpura or the ‘City of eastern Lights‘, the site where lord Brahma first created the stars.

Eras of Assam History

We divided Assam History MCQ Questions into four major parts:

  • The Ancient Era
  • The Medieval Era
  • The Colonial Era
  • The Post-Colonial Era

Ancient Era: Assam History

The ancient era began in the 4th century with the mention of Kamrupa in Samudraguota’s Inscriptions on the Allahabad pillar and the establishment of the Kamrupa Kingdom.

Medieval Era: Assam History

The medieval era began with the attacks from the Bengal Sultanate, the first of which took place in 1206 by Bakhtiyar Khilji as mentioned in the Kanai-Borosiboa rock inscription, after the breakup of the ancient kingdom and the Sprouting of medieval kingdoms and chieftain-ships in its place.

Colonial Era: Assam History

The colonial era began after the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826 with the establishment of British control .

Post Colonial Era: Assam History

The post-colonial era began in 1947 after the independence of India.

Most Important Assam History MCQ With Answer

Assam’s history is a very vast and detailed topic. In this Series set, we discuss the most important Assam History MCQ with Answers which are already asked on APSC Prelims & Mains, Assam Police, PNRD, etc. It also helps you prepare for various examinations and overcome your history phobia.

Read also: Assamese News Paper

Q1. What was the ancient name of Assam? – অসমৰ পুৰণি নাম কি?
A. Ratnapith
B. Vidarbha
C. Pragjyotisha 
D. Thanesar

Explanation: In the ancient Sanskrit literature both the names ‘Pragjyotisha‘ and ‘Kamrupa‘ were used as designation for ancient Assam.

Q2. Which one of the following epics is considered the highest source of the prehistory period of Assam? – তলৰ কোনখন মহাকাব্যক অসমৰ প্ৰাগঐতিহাসিক যুগৰ সৰ্বোচ্চ উৎস বুলি গণ্য কৰা হয়? (APSC Prelims 2001)
A. Mahabharata
B. Kalika Puran
C. Harshacharita 
D. Arthasatra

Explanation: Kali Purana is one of the eighteen minor puranas (Upapurana) in the Shaktism tradition of Hinduism.

Q3. The earliest historical dynasty of Assam was that of the? – অসমৰ প্ৰথম ঐতিহাসিক বংশৰ নাম কি? (APSC Prelims 2011)
A. Pala
B. Varmans
C. Narakas 
D. Salastambhas

Explanation: The Varman dynasty (350-650) was the first historical dynasty of the Kamarupa kingdom. It was established by Pushyavarman.

Q4. The History of Assam can be divided into ___ eras? – অসমৰ ইতিহাসক   __  যুগত বিভক্ত কৰিব পাৰি?
A. 4 eras

B. 5 eras
C. 6 eras
D. 7 eras

Explanation: The History of Assam can be divided into 4 eras. These are Ancient Assam (350–1206), Medieval Assam (1206–1826), Colonial Assam (1826–1947), Post-colonial Assam (1947–present).

Q5. The capital of Pragjyotisha was? – প্ৰাগজ্যোতিষৰ ৰাজধানী ক’ত আছিল?
A. Pragjyotisha
B. Pragjyotishpur
C. Kamrupa
D. Ratnapith

Explanation: In its earliest phase of history, Assam was known as ‘Pragjyotisha’ with its capital ‘Pragjyotishpur‘.

Q6. Who was the earliest king of Pragjyotisha? – প্ৰাগজ্যোতিষৰ প্ৰথম ৰজাজনৰ নাম কি আছিল? (APSC Prelims 2001)
A. Bhaskar Varman
B. Naraka
C. Mahiranga Danava
D. Banasura

Explanation: In its earliest phase of history, Assam was known as ‘Pragjyotisha’ with its capital ‘Pragjyotishpur‘. The earliest king of Pragjyotisha was Mahiranga Danava.

Q7. What was the Dynasty of Mahiranga Danava ? – মহীৰংগ দানৱৰ বংশৰ নাম কি আছিল?
A. Danava Dynasty

B. Pala Dynasty
C. Bhauma Dynasty
D. Varman Dynasty

Explanation: The Danava dynasty was the first legendary line of rulers in Pragjyotisha, established by Mahiranga Danava.

Q8. Who Established Danava Dynasty? – দানৱ বংশ কোনে প্ৰতিষ্ঠা কৰিছিল?
A. Narakasura
B. Bhaskar Varman
C. Bhutivarman
D. Mahiranga Danava

Explanation: The Danava dynasty was the first legendary line of rulers in Pragjyotisha, established by Mahiranga Danava.

Q9. The word ” Mahiranga” is derived from which Sanskrit word? – কোন সংস্কৃত শব্দৰ পৰা মহীৰংগ শব্দৰ উদ্ভৱ হৈছে ?
A. Nilachal
B. Patkai
C. Mairang
D. Chitrachal

Explanation: The Sanskrit name of the Mahiranga Danava was Mairang.

Q10. Who was the last King of Danava Dynasty? দানৱ বংসৰ শেষ ৰজাজনৰ নাম কি আছিল ?
A. Mahiranga Danava
B. Ghatakasura
C. Narakasura
D. Bhaskar varman

Explanation: Ghatakasura, was the last King of Danava Dynasty and he was killed by Narakasura.

Q11. Ghatakasura was killed by which king? – ঘটকাসুৰক কোনে হত্যা কৰিছিল?
A. Narakasura

B. Bana Raj
C. Mahiranga Danava
D. None of the above

Explanation: These rulers are mentioned in the Kalika Puran though there are no archaeological Evidence. The last king of danava Dynasty, Ghatakasura was killed and replaced by Narakasura.

Q12. Ghatakasura was the ruler of ___? ঘটকাসুৰ ___ ৰ শাসক আছিল ?
A. Arjya
B. Kirat
C. Drabir
D. Mangolia

Explanation: Ghatakasura was the ruler of Kirat.

Q13. Accordiong to Ramayana, Amurtyaraja was the founder of the kingdom of? ৰামায়ণৰ মতে, অমূৰ্তৰাজ কোন খন ৰাজ্যৰ প্ৰতিষ্ঠাপক আছিল?
A. Pragjyotisha

B. Kamarupa
C. Haruppeswara
D. Koch Behar

Explanation: Pyagjyotisha is a mythological kingdom that is mentioned in a multitude of Hindu Epics which later come to be associated with the historical Kamrupa.

Q15. Who fought in the battle of Kurukshetra on side of Kauravas? কুৰুক্ষেত্ৰৰ যুদ্ধত কৌৰৱৰ পক্ষত কোনে যুদ্ধ কৰিছিল?
(a) Naraka
(b) Bhagadutta
(c) Ghatotkacha
(d) B and C both

Explanation: Bhagadatta was the son of Narakasura and the king of Pragjyotisha. Bhagadatta was born from a limb of the asura called Bāṣkala. He was a renowned warrior and was known to be a great friend of Indra.

Q16. Who was Bhagadutta? ভগদত্ত কোন আছিল?
(a) Son of Kamrupa King Naraka

(b) The King of Kamrupa
(c) Son of Bhima
(d) None of these

Explanation: Bhagadatta, son of Naraka, was made the king. Bhagadatta helped the Kauravas in the battle of Kurukshetra.

Q17. Who was Ghatotkacha? ঘটোটকচ কোন আছিল?
(a) Son of Bhima

(b) Son of Naraka
(c) Head of Kirat’s Army
(d) None of these

Explanation: Ghatotkacha is an important character in the Mahabharata. His name comes from his head, which was hairless (utkacha) and shaped like a ghatam.

Q18. The earliest rulers of Pragiyotisha belonged to the ______ .প্ৰাগজ্যোতিষৰ আদিম শাসকসকল আছিল _________.
(a) kauravas
(b) Danava dynasty
(c) Pala dynasty
(d) Salastambha dynasty

Explanation: The Danava dynasty was the first legendary line of rulers in Pragjyotisha, established by Mahiranga Danava

Q19. Who was the founder of Bhauma Naraka line? ভৌম নৰকা লাইনৰ প্ৰতিষ্ঠাপক কোন আছিল?
(a) Mahiranga
(b) Bhagadutta
(c) Narakasura
(d) None of these

Explanation: In Assamese tradition, Narakasura is regarded as the legendary progenitor of all three dynasties of Pragjyotisha-Kamarupa, and the founding ruler of the legendary Bhauma dynasty of Pragjyotisha.

Q20. The marriage of Kamrupa princess Amritaprabha and Kashmir King Meghavahana is mentioned in __________ .(কামৰূপৰ ৰাজকুমাৰী অমৃতপ্ৰভা আৰু কাশ্মীৰ ৰজা মেঘবাহনৰ বিবাহৰ বিষয়ে উল্লেখ আছে _________).
(a) Vishnu purana
(b) Kalika purana
(c) Kalhana’s Rajatarangini
(d) Hiuen Tsang’s History

Explanation: Kalhana’s Rajatarangini is not only a classic of Sanskrit narrative poetry but is the earliest extant history of Kashmir. Written in the middle of the 12th century, in the age when the Crusaders of Europe were fighting in Western Asia

Q21. The western limit of Kamrupa Kingdom has been defined in________( কামৰূপ ৰাজ্যৰ পশ্চিম সীমা নিৰ্ধাৰণ কৰা হৈছে________)
(a) Kalidasa’s Raghuvansa
(b) Yogini-tantra
(c) Kalhana’s Rajatarangin
(d) Vishnu purana

Explanation: The Yogini Tantra is a 16th- or 17th-century tantric text by an unknown author either from Assam or Cooch Behar and is dedicated to the worship of Hindu

Q22. Who assumed the title of Parambhattaraka? পৰম্ভটৰাক উপাধি কোনে ধাৰণ কৰিছিল?
(a) Harshavardhana

(b) Bhaskaravarman
(c) Narkasura
(d) Brahampala

Explanation: Harshavardhana was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India from 606 to 647 CE. A member of the Vardhana dynasty, he was the son of Prabhakaravardhana who had defeated the Alchon Huna invaders, and the younger brother of Rajyavardhana, a king of Thanesar, present-day Haryana.

Q23. Who had resisted the first Muslim invasion of Kamarupa dynasty? কামৰূপ বংশৰ প্ৰথম মুছলমান আক্ৰমণক কোনে প্ৰতিহত কৰিছিল?
(a) Prithu

(b) Mohammad Ibn Bakhityar
(c) Mohammad Danish
(d) None of these

Explanation: Raja Prithu is assumed to be a king of the early medieval period in the present-day state of Assam, India and Bangladesh. Archeological remains of a Shiva temple and extensive fortifications in present-day Jalpaiguri in India and present-day Rangpur District of Bangladesh are attributed to him.

Q24. Who was the first king of Assam? অসমৰ প্ৰথম ৰজা কোন আছিল?
(a) Siu-ka-pha

(b) Pirthu
(c) Naranarayan
(d) Harshvardhana

Explanation: Sukaphaa (1228–1268), also Siu-Ka-Pha, the first Ahom king in medieval Assam, was the founder of the Ahom kingdom and the architect of Assam.

Q25. Who was the greatest among the Koch kings? কোচ ৰজাসকলৰ ভিতৰত কোন আছিল সৰ্বশ্ৰেষ্ঠ?
(a) Siu-ka-pha
(b) General Chilarai
(c) Naranarayan
(d) None of these

Explanation: Naranarayan was the last ruler of the undivided Koch dynasty of the Kamata Kingdom. He succeeded his father, Biswa Singha. Under him, the Koch kingdom reached its cultural and political zenith.

Q26. When did Chilarai and Naranarayan entered Gargaon capital city of the Ahoms? চিলাৰায় আৰু নৰনাৰায়ণ কেতিয়া আহোমৰ গড়গাঁৱৰ ৰাজধানী চহৰত প্ৰৱেশ কৰিছিল?
(a) In 1563 AD

(b) In 1543 AD
(c) In 1463 AD
(d) In 1653 AD

Explanation: In 1563 AD, Chilarai and Naranarayana entered Gargaon, the capital city of the Ahoms, after a military victory. Soon thereafter, they entered into a peace treaty with the Ahoms and returned to Coochbehar.

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